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Diabetes Treatment

Here is a great blog post from Trina Health Los Angeles. It begins by describing what diabetes is and its symptoms.
Diabetes – What Is This Disease And What Are Its Symptoms?

Diabetes is a common disease.  Type 1 Diabetes typically starts in childhood.  Type 2 Diabetes can begin at any age.  They are different but essentially both are tied to the body’s inability to process blood sugar properly.

Recent research shows that approximately 29 million cases of diabetes are in existence.  And over 8 million (about ¼ of these cases) are yet to be diagnosed.  It is estimated that 1 in 4 individuals over the age of 64-66 suffer from this disease.  However, old age is not the only factor. About 10% of people between the ages of 20 to 65 have diabetes which shows the prevalence of the disease regardless of age.  Trends show that approximately 1 ¾ million new instances of diabetes will be diagnosed every year in the USA.  The US Center for Disease Control estimates about 1 in 3 newborns born after 2000 may ultimately have diabetes- shocking!
Diabetes – What is it?
Diabetes is a disorder with the sugar metabolic process in the body.  Sugar in the body is not properly utilized or saved.  Glucose, the main sugar of the body, rises, causing numerous health problems.

There are two primary types of diabetes that each result in increased glucose levels.  These are Type I and Type II (Type 2).
Type I Diabetes
Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the islet cells within the pancreas, usually responsible for generating insulin that reduces blood glucose, cannot do their work.  Islet cells are tiny clusters of cells spread throughout the pancreas.  Of these islet cells, the “beta cells” produce the hormone insulin that helps cells throughout the body absorb glucose from the blood stream.  These beta islet cells essentially are not working so big increases in blood sugar happens.  This type of diabetes usually starts in early childhood or in young adults and lasts throughout life. This diabetic disorder occurs due to a lack of insulin production in the pancreas.  Type I diabetes requires insulin for disease management.  Individuals with this type of diabetes (Type I) will have to take insulin for their whole lives and no remedy for this diabetes type that results in a cure is available at this time.
Type II Diabetes (Type 2)
Type II Diabets happens at any age but its occurrence increases as one ages.  In contrast to Type I diabetes, there is adequate insulin to serve the body, especially at the beginning of the disease. However, the insulin is not able to put the blood’s sugar into the body’s cells to supply the metabolism needed.  Thus, the glucose measurement in the bloodstream rises.  This particular disorder starts with a situation called “insulin resistance” since the cells tend to be resistant to insulin attempting to put glucose into the cellular material.  Early on, glucose levels are usually normal and the person is called “pre-diabetic”.  When the disease advances, the blood sugar increases.  Without some type of management, the person’s blood sugar levels can reach levels experience by a Type I diabetic.

As opposed to Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes is mainly related to poor life habits including what you eat and how you “work out”.  Obesity, stomach fat, and insufficient exercise are generally the three biggest danger factors for you risk of getting this disease.
The two kinds of diabetes usually are treated quite differently.  For Type I diabetes, the only real treatment option is to replace insulin which is missing inside a person’s body.  Insulin is available in types that are short, moderate, or long acting.  Diabetes sufferer’s take different amounts of these types of insulin to maintain their own blood sugar within normal ranges, usually under 180 mg/dL throughout the day.

In contrast, Type II diabetes is not an issue of a person getting a lack of insulin.  Instead, medicine has been designed to help insulin put glucose sugar into the cell tissues.  There are various medicines being used for therapy.  However, medical treatment alone is not really enough to handle Type II diabetes.  Usually it takes a program of suitable diet and exercise.  Otherwise, blood glucose amounts can easily turn out to be uncontrolled.  And other advances are occurring in diabetes treatment that work toward re-training beta cells to do the work they were originally designed to do.
Diabetes Symptoms
Many people who have diabetes, particularly Type II diabetes, do not have symptoms unless, of course, they have noticeably elevated blood sugars.  Most likely, diabetes is usually detected by test results that show elevated blood sugar as a result of a routine doctor’s exam or perhaps a Hemoglobin A1C blood test.

Diabetes, as it progresses, has symptoms and it is really worth paying attention to this particular list of signs and symptoms as a number of them can start quite mildly.

  • Feeling parched or thirty often
  • Urinating more than usual
  • Having increased hunger
  • Weight reduction even when you are eating enough.  This is usually seen in Type I diabetes and is an indicator that the body’s cells themselves are deprived from not enough glucose that is instead being carried by the blood stream.
  • Being very tired
  • Having blurry eyesight
  • Having discomfort, tingling, or even numbness in feet or perhaps the hands.  This is often observed in Type II diabetic individuals that are not being treated since the elevated blood sugar has started to harm the neural endings in their feet and hands.

See a doctor

If you have any of the above signs/symptoms or if you have other family members diagnosed with diabetes, you should ask your physician about getting tests related to diabetes.  It is better if you can identify the disease as early as possible so you can make the life habit changes that will help you avoid the symptoms and lead a healthier, productive life.

You can see the original article at Trina Health‘s blog.

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